What is eye movement research?
Eye movements: a window to the brain
There is a broad repertoire of human eye movements, which has evolved to allow both gaze shifts (in the absence of conspicuous head or body movements) and stabilizsation of gaze (in the presence of head and body movements). The neural mechanisms of eye movements have been well characterized from studies of both human and non-human animals. Oculography can provide a rich amount of data on eye movements with high accuracy, precision and resolution. Some of these methods have been adapted to allow assessments not only in the oculographic laboratory but also in fMRI and real life. In addition to providing important insights into the functioning of the brain, there are numerous applications of eye movement research including the use of oculomotor biomarkers in the pharmaceutical industry or endophenotypes in psychiatric genetics.