Segregation, Social Determinants of Health, and Hypertension in Black Americans.:
What role has Housing and neighborhood segregation played in racial hypertension disparities?
According to the CDC, in 2015-2016, 27.8% of non-Hispanic Whites, 25% of non-Hispanic Asians, 27.8% of Hispanics, and 40.3% of non-Hispanic Blacks experienced hypertension.
High-segregated communities are shown to have higher rates of hypertension than low-segregated neighborhoods.
Why do these disparities exist?
When paired with historic racism in the medical field and subsequent distrust of doctors amongst the Black community, spatial and environmental injustices and inherited and lived trauma experienced in segregated communities have created a perfect storm of generations of compounding health inequity. Hypertension is a condition that encompasses so many of these mental and physical health factors, and shines a light on the injustices faced by Black communities across the country that are caused by neighborhood segregation and disinvestment.